Hồ Ayun Hạ là hồ nước nhân tạo, hình thành khi dòng sông Ayun được chặn lại vào đầu năm 1994, để khởi công xây dựng công trình thủy lợi Ayun Hạ, đập chính và cửa cấp nước của hồ nằm trên địa bàn xã Chưa A Thai – huyện Ayun Pa, cách thành phố Pleiku 70 km về phía Tây. Vùng ngập chính của hồ thuộc địa phận xã Hbông, huyện Chư Sê.


Hồ nằm trên sông Ayun, ở phía hạ nguồn, nên có tên là Ayun Hạ cùng tên với công trình đại thủy nông. Hồ nằm giữa đôi bờ rừng nguyên sinh, uốn khúc theo thung lũng, chân đồi, lúc co lại như vòng eo, khi phình rộng ra tạo thành dáng hình kỳ lạ hữu tình của một vùng nước non xanh lồng lộng mây trời. Hồ Ayun Hạ có chiều dài hơn 20 km, chạy dọc theo nhiều làng dân tộc thiểu số Bahnar và Jrai, tiếp giáp tận huyện Mang Yang, nơi rộng nhất hơn 2 km, độ sâu giữa lòng hồ có nhiều nơi hơn 20 mét.

Hồ Ayun Hạ đã làm sống lại 13.500 ha đất canh tác, phần nhiều từ 1 vụ biến thành 2 vụ lúa, có dịp đi thăm suốt dọc kênh nằm giữa những cánh đồng bát ngát lúa 2 vụ ken đầy xanh tốt mà ở đó nhiều đời nay đồng bào các dân tộc chỉ trồng cấy 1 vụ nhờ mùa mưa hàng năm, mới thấy được công trình có ý nghĩa to lớn như thế nào đối với người dân nơi đây, công trình thủy lợi Ayun Hạ hoàn thành đã đem lại hiệu quả cao ổn định đời sống no đủ cho đồng bào các dân tộc.

Hồ Ayun Hạ ngoài tác dụng cung cấp nước tưới cho 13.500 ha lúa nước, còn là hồ cung cấp nguồn thủy năng lớn ở khu vực, nhày máy thủy điện Ayun Hạ đã được xây dựng vừa chính thức hòa điện vào lưới điện quốc gia đầu năm 2001, với 2 tổ máy đi vào hoạt động có công suất 3.000 kwh. Với bề mặt thoáng của hồ rộng 37 km2, dung tích 253 triệu m3 nước, hồ Ayun Hạ còn là nơi cung cấp nguồn thủy sản lớn cho khu vực Ayun Hạ và thành phố Pleiku. Ngoài ra, mặt hồ còn là nơi tổ chức các hoạt động thể thao dưới nước, tổ chức các đội tàu, thuyền phục vụ khách du lịch tham quan, dã ngoại ngắm cảnh ven hồ.

Du khách đến với Ayun Hạ vào mùa nắng Tây Nguyên, từ tháng 11 đến tháng 4, mùa này, mặt nước hồ thật trong xanh, không khí mát mẻ bởi rừng cây vây quanh. Có những con thuyền máy bên đập dâng của lòng hồ sẵn sàng đưa du khách rong chơi tận hưởng thú du lịch sinh thái trên mặt hồ rộng giữa đôi bờ lồng lộng bóng cây rừng nguyên sinh. Từ thành phố Pleiku, Gia Lai đi theo quốc lộ 14, đến ngã ba huyện Chư Sê, rẽ trái sang đường quốc lộ 25, tất cả chỉ 1 tiếng đồng hồ ngồi trên ô tô, bạn sẽ đến trung tâm huyện Ayun Pa với bình nguyên đồng lúa nước bao la.

Nếu có thời gian lưu lại bên bờ rừng nguyên sinh yên lành, thỉnh thoảng nghe tiếng chim muông hót gọi nhau, bạn cũng có thể mua và thưởng thức con cá tươi ngon của hồ Ayun Hạ. Cá chép, cá mè, cá lăng, cá trắm cỏ… và đặc biệt, cá thát lát có rất nhiều trong hồ rộng mênh mông này. Hãy một lần đến với hồ Ayun Hạ, đừng quên nhé, nếu bạn có dịp lên tỉnh miền núi Gia Lai của Tây Nguyên hùng vĩ.

Theo dulich


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